We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
The breeders of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden were engaged in the breeding of the apricot variety Crimean Amur. The variety is quite frost-resistant and particularly demanding on growing conditions. Medium resistance to dry weather and fungal infections.
Crimean Cupid is growing fast enough. The apricot variety is early-growing. In the fifth or sixth year, the trees begin to bear fruit. Yield indicators reach high levels.
The description of the apricot variety is supplemented with the following information about the fruits:
- weight varies from 50 to 90 g;
- rounded shape, compressed on each side;
- deep abdominal suture;
- thin, dense rind;
- color yellow-orange;
- the presence of a blurry blush;
- the pulp is juicy, tasty, with sourness;
- tasting score 5 points out of 5;
- high keeping quality.
Important! Crimean Cupid differs from many apricots in that it is self-fertile. In other words, it develops well and bears fruit without pollination from other varieties; replanting of pollinators is not required.
Apricot Crimean Cupid reaches a height of 170 cm. Depending on the region, fruits ripen at the end of July - beginning of August.
The variety tolerates winter cold well, gives a large yield. Large apricots are used for any purpose. The seeds are easily separated from the pulp.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of the Crimean Amur are as follows:
- Rapid development and growth.
- A bountiful harvest.
- Trees are not afraid of spring frosts due to late flowering.
The disadvantages of the apricot variety include:
- susceptibility to fungal infection;
- feeling unwell in the lowlands;
- dependence on sunlight and heat;
- exactingness to care.
Before buying a seedling, special attention is paid to the trunk and bark. If cracks and dark spots are visible, then this directly indicates a weak and painful specimen. The root needs to look strong. It is better to purchase seedlings with small buds about 70 cm high.
A slightly elevated place in the garden is selected for planting, as protected as possible from the wind. For good growth, the site must be illuminated by the sun.
The soil at the planting site is loosened and pre-fertilized. Drainage is organized at the bottom.
Important! The root of the Crimean Cupid grows far beyond the crown circumference. Therefore, if you plan to plant several trees, then it is recommended to place them at a distance of 5 meters from each other.
In the process of growing, it is necessary to adhere to the advice and recommendations of experienced gardeners. Then the apricot will grow faster and begin to bear fruit earlier. It is imperative to strengthen the condition of the tree at every stage.
The soil from the trunk circle is regularly mulched. After all, the soil becomes loose and loses its ability to retain a sufficient amount of moisture, which forces the root system of the tree to spend energy on finding additional water at a depth.
Filling the Crimean Cupid is excessively contraindicated. Saplings will not suffer from this, but extra shoots will begin to form. They easily take away the strength from the plant, which, in turn, quickly loses in growth and yield.
Before the onset of the winter period, the trees are wrapped up. Burlap or agrofiber is usually used. If the region is distinguished by more severe frosts, then a non-woven fabric is added on top for warmth.
The Crimean Cupid is required to constantly monitor and note any changes. Having found cracks on the trunk, they must be treated with garden pitch.
Prevention and treatment of diseases
In spring, the treatment of the Crimean Amur from parasites and diseases is carried out as follows:
- Before the buds begin to swell, sanitary pruning of trees and thinning of branches are carried out.
- Taking a special metal brush, larvae, caterpillars, egg clutches, green lichen are removed.
- Before the buds dissolve, the plants are sprayed with a 3% Bordeaux mixture. With the same solution, only with a concentration of 1%, the crown is processed 14 days after flowering. For this, copper oxychloride, "Tsineb", "Kaptan" are also used.
In the summer (no later than 2 weeks before fruit picking), trees are sprayed with Horus, colloidal sulfur, antifungal agents.
Important! Do not use chemicals to process apricots before fruiting. It is better to use a hose to wash off pests and traces of previous spraying with water.
In autumn, after leaf fall, the trunks of apricots are treated with urea at the rate of 700 grams per 10 liters of water. In late autumn, preparations with copper are applied to the plants. In case of cold weather, iron sulfate is used.