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Ampel tomato mixtures are an excellent alternative for those who do not have the opportunity to grow vegetables in the country or do not like long-term care of garden plants. Such varieties allow you to get tomatoes without chemicals, which will delight not only with their appearance, but also with their taste.
There is a wide variety of species on the horticultural market today, which can be grown in flowerpots or boxes. Mini-varieties can be grown not only outdoors, but also indoors.
Benefits of varieties
Varieties of ampelous tomatoes have a number of undeniable advantages over traditional varieties of tomatoes. The main advantages of planting such horticultural crops include the following points:
- tomatoes are able to grow in strong shade conditions;
- are not afraid of drafts;
- do not have a tendency to stretch;
- due to the fact that the plant does not come into contact with the ground, the risk of disease and pest damage is minimized;
- a wide variety of species.
Gardeners' reviews indicate that, despite the small size of the ampel varieties, they often taste better than the varieties of traditional crops. Today, a large assortment of mini tomatoes is presented on the horticultural market, differing in shape, color, taste, and the formation of shoots.
What varieties are popular?
Among the wide variety of ampelous varieties, gardeners annually choose the most impressive ones and make a rating. Traditionally, the following cultures are among the leaders:
- Garden pearl.
- Citizen F1.
Ampel Garden pearl reaches a height of no more than 40 cm. The plant belongs to crops with an early ripening period. The first fruits are removed 93 days after the appearance of the first shoots. The culture produces small neat pink tomatoes, the weight of which varies from 15 to 20 grams. It is not difficult to grow such mini-tomatoes, since the advantage of the variety is undemanding to growing conditions and the absence of the need for pinching. The only requirement is that the growing container must be at least 3 liters in volume.
The advantage of the ampel variety Gorozhanin F1 is the early ripening period and high yield rates. The average growth of the bushes reaches 80 cm. The plant produces bright red fruits with an average weight of 30 to 50 grams. Unlike most ampelous tomatoes, the variety needs pinching and the growing container must have a volume of at least 4 liters.
The Cascade variety is presented in two varieties as Elow f1 and Red f1. The first fruits are obtained in 100-110 days. A feature of this variety is the ability to form long shoots up to 1 to 1.5 meters in size. The plant produces yellow or red vegetables with an average weight of 40 to 60 grams. The volume of flowerpots for this type must be at least 5 liters. It is not recommended to remove the stems from the plant, otherwise the yield will decrease. Only yellow or dried leaves are removed.
The ampel variety Tigrovy is considered one of the most popular and demanded among gardeners. The name is due to the unusual type of fruit that has characteristic dark stripes. The color scheme of the tomato resembles a tiger coloration. The first fruits are removed within 55 days from the moment of planting planting material. The bushes are distinguished by the splendor of the shoots, which can reach 45 cm in diameter.
The average height of the shoots is 15 cm. Abundant greenery perfectly protects the soil from excessive evaporation, so the plant does not need frequent watering.
The nuances of growing
The seeds of ampelous tomatoes, immediately before sowing, are placed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 60 minutes and then washed with running water. Sowing is carried out in small depressions, which must be done no more than 2 cm. The recommended sowing time is the beginning of March, it is sowing during this period that will allow you to get an early harvest.
Self-made soil should consist of humus, peat, turf. The volume of the planting container in a volume of 5 liters is considered the most suitable. Ampel tomatoes are afraid of moisture stagnation, therefore, a drainage layer of 2 cm is formed at the bottom of the pot.
The dive is carried out after the appearance of 2 leaves. Plants are taken out into the street in May in the absence of the threat of frost. When transplanting, the plant is buried 3 cm lower than the level of the previous growth. Experienced gardeners talk about 2 golden rules for growing ampel varieties. The first is the need to periodically shake the plant when growing indoors. The second is associated with feeding every 14 days. Complex fertilizer is applied to the soil in the amount of 5 grams for every 1 kg of soil.